Landscape Art Apr 14, 2020 21:16:22 GMT -5
Post by Woland on Apr 14, 2020 21:16:22 GMT -5
Why not Landscape Painting? Because painting outdoors en plein air was problematic until synthetic paint tubes arrived in the 19th century. Landscape art wasn't considered to be as challenging or sexy as the human form, it was also harder to work in the elements with ever-changing light. Nowadays with our new-fangled digital cameras we can easily document how places looked today, with landscape drawings, illustrations, paintings e.t.c. we can see how the rural and urban landscape appeared back in the good ol' days.
First illustration is from George Braun and Franz Hogenberg's "Cities of the World", 6 Volumes of mostly European city maps, colour illustrated from the late 16th to early 17th century. This map was based on a drawing from 1566, elaborated upon and published in 1598 of the Spanish city of Toledo.
In 19th century Russia, a group of artists frustrated by the academy's restrictive methods decided to create their own realistic art movement, away from the stuffy interiors in St. Petersburg and take it to the people, known as the Peredvizhniki. Ivan Shishkin is the most famous Russian landscape painter, his "Morning in a Pine Forest" is now credited solely to him (the bears were painted by Konstantin Savitsky, but art collector Pavel Tretyakov removed Savitsky's signature from the painting). It's believed this masterpiece was painted on Gorodomlya Island, roughly 200 miles from Moscow.
Frederic Edwin Church followed Alexander von Humboldt's footsteps into South America, he travelled through Ecuador and Colombia to produce "The Heart of the Andes" in 1859, the snow-capped peak on the left is Mount Chimborazo.